CHILD ABUSE (PENAL CODE §§273D, 273A)
There are two types of child abuse: Child Abuse and Child Endangerment)
To be prosecuted and convicted of Child Abuse, a person must willfully inflict cruel and in human injury on a child, where the injury causes the child to suffer a traumatic physical condition and the actions were not because of reasonable discipline of the child.
To be prosecuted and convicted of Child Endangerment, a person must cause or permit a child to suffer unjustifiable pain or mental suffering where they willfully cause or permit a child in their care to be injured, or willfully causes or places that child to be put in a dangerous situation. What’s important to note is that no injury has to occur to the child.
Both crimes can be charged as misdemeanors or felonies. Therefore, a person can be sent to jail for up to one year or in the case of a felony, anywhere from 2 to 6 years in prison if the crime is serious enough. This all of course depends on several factors including a person’s criminal history and the evidence shown that would warrant such a punishment.